Legal Matters – How to legally conduct business in the United States


If I am travelling to the United States for business purposes, do I need a work visa?While the definition of work is not well defined in US immigration law, it is permissible to enter the United States for various business visitor activities without a work visa. Generally, United States immigration law regards work as anything that would result in the production of goods or services within the United States for the benefit of a US entity which activity may displace a United States worker. Canadian citizens are allowed to enter the United States for business visitor purposes. The general test requires that an individual not be employed by a United States entity, the activity be associated with the international trade, and the benefit of the business visitor’s activities should accrue to the employer in Canada. These criteria are typically utilized to assess whether or not the business activity …

A Fashion Council Could Help More Canadian Designers Go Global

TORONTO, ON – MARCH 17: A model walks the runway wearing Rudsak 2016 collection during Toronto Fashion Week Fall 2016 at David Pecaut Square on March 17, 2016 in Toronto, Canada. (Photo by George Pimentel/Getty Images for IMG)

TORONTO, ON – MARCH 17: A model walks the runway wearing Rudsak 2016 collection during Toronto Fashion Week Fall 2016 at David Pecaut Square on March 17, 2016 in Toronto, Canada. (Photo by George Pimentel/Getty Images for IMG)

TORONTO, ON – MARCH 17: A model walks the runway wearing Rudsak 2016 collection during Toronto Fashion Week Fall 2016 at David Pecaut Square on March 17, 2016 in Toronto, Canada. (Photo by George Pimentel/Getty Images …
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How to move to Canada and become a Canadian citizen

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.Blair Gable/ReutersOne of the most common refrains this election season — and every election season, really — is people swearing they’ll move to Canada, a land where healthcare is free, people are friendly, and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau explains quantum computing just for laughs.
But to actually become a Canadian citizen, you’ll first need to go through several steps, like living in the country for at least six years, staying on your best behavior, and knowing a thing or two about the country you’ll soon call home.
For those who actually want to head up north, …
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Canada to tax carbon emissions to hit Paris climate agreement targets

Canada is to introduce a tax on carbon emissions from 2018 to help it meet a commitment to the targets set by the Paris climate agreement, Justin Trudeau has said.

Canada is on the cusp of ratifying the accord to limit climate change. The House of Commons is expected vote the accord through on Wednesday –  the same time as the European Union formally endorses the deal.

“There is no hiding from climate change,” the Prime Minister said, “It is real and it is everywhere. We cannot undo the last 10 years of inaction.

“What we can do is make a real and …
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End of Canada’s ‘Unique’ Mortgage System Means Higher Bank Costs

(Bloomberg) — The days when Canada’s banks could offload much of the risk of underwriting mortgages onto taxpayers may be drawing to a close.Canadian Finance Minister Bill Morneau disclosed plans Monday to begin consultations on sharing the risk of mortgage default with the country’s lenders. The move was part of a package of measures designed to stabilize the housing market after years of soaring prices in Vancouver and Toronto.While it’s not clear what form that risk-sharing will take — a deductible on mortgage insurance may be one option — any move will likely require Canadian …
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CMHC’s Siddall Says Canada’s Banks Have No Skin in Market Game

(Bloomberg) — The head of Canada’s housing agency said banks are getting a free ride in the country’s real estate market, leaving insurers and taxpayers to shoulder all of the risk of a downturn.Evan Siddall, chief executive officer at the government-backed Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp., made the comments at the agency’s conference in Ottawa Tuesday, a day after the federal finance department announced broad new measures to curtail risk.“Mortgage loan insurance is on 100 percent of the loss, so we — us, Genworth and Canada Guaranty — insure all of that loss,” Siddall said, referring …
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Canada unveils carbon price, energy-producing provinces unhappy

By Alastair Sharp and David Ljunggren

TORONTO/OTTAWA (Reuters) – Canada’s federal government on Monday vowed to bring in a minimum price on carbon emissions by 2018, prompting one energy-producing province to threaten legal action and another to demand approval of an oil pipeline in return.

Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who took power last November promising to do more to protect the environment, said carbon pollution would cost C$10 a tonne in 2018, rising by C$10 a year until it reaches C$50 in 2022.

Trudeau said the 10 provinces – which have traditionally resented what they see as federal heavy handedness – could either implement a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade market by then. Those that do neither will have a price imposed by Ottawa.

Trudeau said his measures would help Canada meet greenhouse gas emission cuts agreed under the Paris climate change accords.

But official data show Canada has little chance of …
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Trudeau Unveils Carbon Price as Canada Acts on Paris Pledge (2)

(Bloomberg) — Canada will set a minimum price for carbon pollution in a bid to meet its Paris climate agreement targets, setting Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government up for a legal battle with the country’s energy-producing provinces.A minimum federal price of C$10 ($8) per metric ton will be set in 2018, rising by C$10 each year to C$50 per ton in 2022 when it will be reviewed, Trudeau announced Monday in a speech to Parliament.Canada’s 10 provinces will need to meet that minimum, or exceed it, by using either a carbon tax or achieving a comparable emissions reduction through a cap-and-trade system. Canada’s four most populous provinces already have or are introducing some kind of carbon price, and the federal government had vowed to introduce a national price this fall.“Businesses will have to find new ways to reduce emissions and pollute less,” Trudeau told lawmakers Monday, announcing …
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Canadian government says it will implement a nationwide carbon tax by 2018

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has given the country’s 10 provinces and three northern territories two years to begin implementing a comprehensive tax on carbon emissions as part of his government’s pledge to adopt strong new national policies to combat climate change.Trudeau outlined a plan Monday in the House of Commons calling for an initial levy of $10 per metric ton of emissions in 2016 — about $7.60 in U.S. dollars — that would rise in annual increments to $50-per-ton by 2022.

Provinces opting out of a carbon tax would have the option of adopting a cap-and-trade system, but only if it could …
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Canada will tax carbon emissions to meet Paris climate agreement targets

Prime minister Justin Trudeau made the announcement in parliament as debate started over whether Canada should ratify the Paris accord on climate change

Justin Trudeau’s proposal would begin in 2018.
Photograph: Adrian Wyld/AP

The Canadian prime minister, Justin Trudeau, said on Monday that Canada will impose a tax on carbon emissions starting in 2018 as part of its efforts to meet targets set by the Paris climate change accord.
Trudeau made the announcement in parliament as debate started over whether Canada should ratify the Paris accord on climate change. The House of Commons is expected to approve the Paris accord …
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